False story of North-South divide

False story of North-South divide


Recently, ‘The Economist’ magazine published from London has tried to create a new definition of division between North and South India through a mischievous article. The magazine tries to claim that the South Indian states are economically isolated from the rest of India because only 20 percent of India’s population lives in the five southern states (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana), but these receive the most of the total foreign inflows. 35 percent of the investment is received.

These states have developed more than other parts of the country and while in 1993 these states contributed 24 percent to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP), now it has increased to 31 percent. There are 46 percent tech unicorns in the South and 46 percent of India’s electronics exports come from these five states. The magazine also writes that 66 percent of IT services are exported from southern states. Barring a few agenda-oriented people, the whole world knows that India is one from North to South and from East to West.

People living in this subcontinent consider themselves Indians despite diverse religions, castes, languages, regions, costumes and food. It is true that different regions in India were ruled by different rulers at different times, but there remained an unbreakable bond between all the people of India. Our Jyotirlingas, Tirthas and Dhams located in different parts of the country are witness to the fact that all Indians have been considering the entire nation as their nation and diversity has never become a hindrance in this.

Sadly, during the foreign rule, such literature was created by the British government and false stories were deliberately created through historiography, which poisoned the minds of the people of South India against North Indians. A false history was created that the Aryans had come from outside and the Dravidians were hurt by their attack and were forced to move towards the south. In such a situation, hostility towards the Hindi language was promoted in the southern states, especially Tamil Nadu.

It is said that this false story was started by a German orientalist and philologist. Today there is abundant scientific evidence which proves that the Aryan invasion theory is a myth, fabrication and imaginary. Yet this agenda is being run by western countries who are jealous of India’s rapid development. Taking the help of developments in the South, the magazine has mischievously linked the issue to politics and said that the ruling BJP does not have a strong base in the southern states.

The magazine argues that therefore it can be said that the present government does not have the mandate of the entire country. It is noteworthy that in Britain, where ‘The Economist’ is published, till now no Prime Minister has received an equal mandate from the entire country. Does this mean that the Prime Minister does not have the mandate of the entire country? There are very few such examples in the history of democracy around the world, when a government has been formed by getting equal majority of votes from all the regions.

Similarly, some leaders of South India are also promoting separatist politics by giving such arguments. We know that due to some corrupt and incompetent leaders, the development of many states was hampered, including the southern states. Many states of the North-East have been victims of neglect by the previous central government, but many states like Jammu and Kashmir continued to get resources disproportionate to their population. We also have to understand that development of all our states can happen only with each other’s cooperation.

As far as development is concerned, out of the ten states and union territories with the highest per capita income, only two are from the South and that too at fifth and sixth position. The reason for this is the IT sector. Just as the northern states have an important contribution in providing food grains, similarly the southern states have a major contribution in providing industrial production, especially electronic and IT products. Thus India is like a family and all the states are its members. No one is big or small in the family, there is no idea of ​​rich or poor in it. There is a need for everyone to work together and make India prosperous. Apart from this, we consider ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ i.e. the entire earth as one family.

People with political motives have now given another dimension to the North-South divide by raising the issue of discrimination in transfer of tax money to the southern states. It is being said that the southern states have been deprived of their legitimate share of central taxes. It is noteworthy that the tax share is decided on the basis of the recommendations of the Finance Commission.

During the proceedings of the Fifteenth Finance Commission, these states complained to the Central Government, according to which the Finance Commission was directed to use the population as per 2011 census instead of 1971 as used by the previous commission. The Commission also gave importance to demographic performance i.e. population control. The slow population growth in the southern states was due to education and industrial development there, but most of the southern states have overcome the demographic dividend through population control and their dependence on migrant workers is continuously increasing, which shows the importance of mutual cooperation.

The share of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala in central tax devolution remained more or less the same in the recommendations of the 15th Finance Commission as compared to the previous Finance Commission, while the share of Karnataka decreased from 4.71 percent to 3.64 percent and the share of Kerala decreased from 2.5 percent to 1.92 percent. . But apart from the share in central revenue, these states have also been given significant revenue deficit grants. Therefore, the facts do not prove the alleged bias of the Finance Commission. We should avoid separatist statements on issues of national unity and regional harmony as it may affect national unity and public welfare. International agencies and media involved in separatist agenda should also be dealt with strictly.

(These are the personal views of the author.)


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