New Delhi: The month of January 2024 was the hottest month on record in the world, while the global average temperature of the last 12 months crossed the limit of 1.5 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial level set in the Paris Agreement. The European Climate Agency gave this information. This does not mean a permanent breach of the 1.5 degrees Celsius limit specified in the Paris Agreement, as it refers to long-term climate change over many years.
Since June last year, every month has been the hottest month on record. Scientists believe that the reason for this extraordinary heat is the combined effects of El Nino and climate change caused by human activities. El Nino is a period of abnormal warming of surface waters in the central Pacific Ocean.
C3S scientists said the global average temperature over the past 12 months (February 2023-January 2024) was the highest on record and 1.52 degrees Celsius above the average for the 1850-1900 pre-industrial period. Countries agreed in Paris in 2015 to limit the average temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius, preferably below 2 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels (1850-1900) to avoid climate worsening impacts. It was agreed to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.