New Delhi: In India, companies making two-wheelers, three-wheelers, cars, buses and even trucks are launching electric vehicles, hybrid and flex fuel vehicles in the market. And, they are also being sold in full swing. Have you ever wondered why these companies are producing and selling these vehicles so fast instead of vehicles running on petrol and diesel? If these types of questions are arising in your mind, then it is not that you are the only one thinking. Some similar questions are arising in our mind also. It is very important to investigate this. Then let us investigate.
The world of vehicles will change with electric, hybrid and flex fuel vehicles.
If you buy electric, hybrid and flex fuel vehicles, you will get many benefits. Its biggest advantage is that you will get rid of the hassle of paying expensive petrol and diesel. Apart from this, if you go to buy an electric vehicle from the showroom, then the government gives you subsidy on its purchase. At the same time, if you buy a flex fuel vehicle, you drive CNG-electric, hydrogen-electric, CBG (compressed biomethane gas)-electric, ethanol electric, petrol-ethanol and ethanol-powered vehicles. After the use of vehicles running on all these types of fuels, the world of vehicles in India will change. After this you will not have to worry about the prices of petrol and diesel.
Will get relief from air pollution and carbon emissions
The biggest thing is that if you adopt vehicles running on electric, hybrid and flex fuel, then you will not only get rid of the expense of petrol and diesel, but their biggest advantage is that by purchasing them, they will be available in the country and the world. There will be relief from air pollution and carbon emissions which adversely affect human health. Currently, during winter days, you must have seen that due to increasing amount of air pollution, public and private transport system in Delhi is operated on odd-even system. This clearly means that internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles running on petrol and diesel emit large amounts of harmful gases like carbon dioxide, which is harmful for the atmosphere and ozone layer.
Efforts are being made in the world since 1991
According to media reports, active efforts are being made in the world since 1991 to reduce greenhouse emissions and global warming. In the year 1991, a summit named UNCCC Earth (United Nations Climate Change Conference Earth) was organized by the United Nations. In which about 181 countries of the world were included. After this many more conferences were held, which did not prove successful. Important among all these was the conference organized by the United Nations in Tokyo, Japan in the year 2008. A global conference was organized in Tokyo to reduce climate change and global warming, in which developed countries like America, Russia, France and China were entrusted with the responsibility of economic cooperation.
There was a rise after the Paris Agreement of 2015
According to reports, a conference was organized by the United Nations on December 12, 2015 in Paris, the capital of France, to reduce climate change and global warming. In this, legally binding international agreements were made on climate change, which had the support of 191 countries of the world. This agreement came into effect on November 4, 2016. The Paris Climate Conference is also known as COP 21. In this, a new worldwide climate agreement was reached, which applies to all countries. Its objective is to keep global warming between 1.5 degrees Celsius and 2 degrees Celsius recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Role of petrol and diesel vehicles in global warming
According to media reports, vehicles running on fossil fuels (petrol-diesel) are a major source of environmental problems like air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Air pollution caused by the smoke from these vehicles can cause respiratory diseases, cardiovascular problems and premature death. Greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel combustion lead to global warming and climate change, which can have serious impacts on eco-systems, biodiversity and human health. Excessive emissions and use of fossil fuels lead to resource depletion, energy insecurity, geopolitical conflict, and environmental damage.
Indian government’s step
The Government of India has taken several policy steps to reduce the environmental damage caused by fossil fuels and to promote electric, hybrid and flex fuel vehicles as cleaner and more sustainable alternatives to fossil fuel based vehicles. For this, the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020 (NEMMP 2020) was prepared by the government, the objective of which was to increase the sales of hybrid and electric vehicles in India to 60 to 70 lakh by the year 2020. Along with this, the government implemented the FAME scheme (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles) to promote the production of hybrid and electric vehicles. This includes encouraging demand and supply of electric vehicles as well as developing charging infrastructure.
what does the government say
Regarding electric, hybrid and flex fuel vehicles, the government says that it is very important for us as a country to adopt electric transportation system. A condition for emerging as an economy is that you cannot be dependent on energy. This is our primary reason for moving towards electric vehicles. The government also says that adopting electric vehicles will reduce carbon emissions in the country. 80 percent of the resources of lithium used in batteries are limited to one country and 88 percent of the processing of lithium also takes place in one country. We have some lithium reserves in Jammu.
Hybrid vehicles are an alternative to electric vehicles
According to a report, hybrid vehicles combine a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) with an electric propulsion system, allowing the vehicle to be powered using one or both electrical sources. In a way, hybrid vehicles are also an alternative to electric vehicles. There are different types of hybrid systems in the country, but include general hybrid (engine and electric motor) and categorical hybrid. Hybrids are seen as a practical and viable option in the medium term, as India gradually moves towards complete electrification of its vehicle fleet. This change is expected to take 5 to 10 years. Hybrid vehicles play an important role in decarbonization in India. Hybrid vehicles have lower total carbon emissions than electric and conventional ICE vehicles for the same size vehicles.
Role of ethanol and flex fuel
Flex fuel vehicles can run on a variety of fuels, including ethanol, reducing dependence on fossil fuels. Fuel cell electric vehicles (ECEVs) and hydrogen ICE vehicles run on hydrogen fuel cells that produce electricity and water as the only co-products, providing a clean and efficient alternative to battery electric vehicles. Hydrogen ICE vehicles use hydrogen as fuel.