Israeli forces have captured Gaza’s largest hospital, Al Shifa, after continuous attacks. Meanwhile, Joe Biden has once again made it clear to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu that occupying Gaza would be a big mistake. US President Joe Biden has said that he has made it clear to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu that occupying Gaza would be a big mistake. “I have made it clear to the Israelis that I think it is a big mistake for them to think that they will capture Gaza and keep Gaza,” Biden said at a news conference in San Francisco. I don’t think it works.
Netanyahu said earlier this month that Gaza must be demilitarized, deradicalized and rebuilt after the war and that Israel must find a civilian government to rule the territory, which has been run by Hamas since 2006. The Israeli leader said there are no plans to annex Gaza, although many consider it already an occupied territory because Israel still has control over its borders despite formally withdrawing its troops and settlers in 2005. , has full control over airspace and territorial waters.
What is Gaza Strip?
The Gaza Strip refers to a narrow strip of land located between Israel and Egypt on the Mediterranean Sea, approximately the size of Washington DC, which was occupied first by the Ottoman Empire and then by the British Empire. Egypt controlled Gaza for nearly two decades after Israel’s creation in 1948. Following Israel’s victory in the Six-Day War against its Arab neighbors in 1967, it gained control of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Israel controlled the Strip for the next 38 years and established 21 Jewish settlements. Under international and domestic pressure in 2005, Israel withdrew approximately 9,000 Israeli settlers and its military forces from Gaza, leaving the territory governed by the Palestinian Authority, which also controlled parts of the occupied West Bank. Today, more than 2 million Palestinians live in approximately 140 square miles, making it one of the most densely populated areas in the world, according to the Israeli NGO Geisha.
Who rules and who controls it?
Hamas has repeatedly clashed with Palestinian leaders negotiating the Oslo peace accords in the West Bank, a militant Palestinian nationalist movement currently led by Ismail Haniyeh. It took control of Gaza after winning elections there in 2006. Since then, no elections have been held. Despite pleas from the United Nations and human rights groups, Israel has maintained a land, air and sea blockade of Gaza since 2007, which has had a devastating impact on Palestinian civilians. Israel says the blockade, which gives it control of Gaza’s borders and is also enforced by Egypt, is necessary to protect Israeli citizens from Hamas. The International Committee of the Red Cross considers the blockade illegal and says it violates the Geneva Conventions, a charge Israeli officials deny. The United Nations, various human rights groups and legal scholars, citing the blockade, consider Gaza still under military occupation by Israel.